The air we breathe consists of approximately 20.9% oxygen, 78% nitrogen, and small traces of argon, carbon dioxide, neon, helium, and hydrogen. When we inhale, the oxygen particles in the air make their way from our lungs into the red blood cells in our bloodstream.
Under normal circumstances, only 25% of the oxygen is absorbed by our cells’ mitochondria, which are responsible for converting oxygen and nutrients into ATP (Adenosine triphosphate) – the molecule that stores and provides energy for our body to function. This process is known as aerobic respiration and is the primary purpose of our oxygen intake.
In a hyperbaric oxygen chamber, the increased pressure compels oxygen to enter our lungs, bloodstream, and cells at a higher rate, boosting the absorption within the cells. This results in a greater supply of oxygen to the mitochondria, consequently enhancing energy production.